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About strokes

What is a stroke?

A stroke is a brain attack. A stroke happens when the blood supply carrying oxygen and vital nutrients to a part of the brain is cut off and there is death or damage of brain cells.

A stroke is always a medical emergency.

What are the effects of a stroke?

The effects of a stroke are sudden and there is an immediate effect.

A stroke can affect people in different ways and is largely dependent upon:

  • The part of the brain that is damaged
  • How widespread the damage is.
  • How healthy the person was before the stroke.

A stroke can commonly damage and impair:

  • Bodily functions
  • The ability to communicate
  • The ability to learn 
  • Feelings and emotions
  • Thought processing

How do I tell if I or someone else is having a stroke?

You can recognize a stroke by using the FAST test:

FACE          Has their face fallen on one side? Can they smile?

ARMS         Can they raise both arms and keep them there?

SPEECH      Is their speech slurred?

TIME          Time to call 999 if you see any single one of these signs.